Alternative Dispute Resolution was originally introduced in Cyprus by scholars from the U.S. in the form of conflict resolution workshops and subsequently as mediation, in relation to the political dispute between the Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities. This dispute led to the division of the island in 1974.
Since then, negotiations and efforts at reconciliation between the two communities have been held under the auspices of the United Nations. The communities, however, have failed to reach agreement on the desired outcome of a bi-zonal bi-communal federation, as described in successive UN Security Council Resolutions.
The philosophy of ADR is thus not only important for the speedier resolution of civil disputes in Cyprus, but also necessary for the transformation of the current political and social culture of conflict, into a more collaborative society.